Persephone Sock Knitting Pattern



A simple cable pattern forms a bulbous ogee curve, to represent the shape of the pomegranate. In the middle of the pomegranate shape is a cluster of 4 small holes, to represent the 4 pomegranate seeds that Persephone ate while she was in the underworld.

Sizes: Small, Medium, Large.

Materials: 4ply sock yarn; 2.5mm double pointed knitting needles.

Tension: approximately 32 stitches per 10cm.

From Greek mythology, Persephone, the daughter of Zeus, king of the gods, and Demeter, goddess of the harvest, is the goddess of the underworld. Persephone was such an extraordinarily beautiful young woman that everyone loved her. Even Hades, the god of the underworld, fell in love with her, and wanted her for himself. He asked Zeus if he could take Persephone to be his wife, but Zeus knew that Demeter would be angry if he agreed, as Hades would be angry if he refused. Since there could be no happy solution, Zeus did not answer Hades.

So one day, when Persephone was out alone collecting flowers, the earth split open and Hades rose out from the underworld and abducted her. None but Zeus and the all-seeing sun, Helios, noticed what had happened. Demeter was heartbroken at the loss of her daugher, and wandered the earth looking for her, until Helios took pity on her desolation and revealed what had happened. Demeter was so angry that she withdrew from the world, which ceased to be fertile. The crops withered on the stalk, animals died, people became hungry. Realising he must rescue the world, Zeus sent Hermes to visit Hades in the underworld, to make him release Persephone. Hades agreed to release her, so long as she had eaten nothing while in the underworld, and Persephone said that she had not. But as Hermes began to lead Persephone back to the surface of the world, the small voice of a shade was heard. It held out an opened pomegranate, from which 4 seeds were missing. Persephone admitted that she had eaten the 4 seeds, then Hades, taking pity on her grief, said that he would still release her, but she must return to him for 4 months in every year. These are the winter months, when Demeter mourns the loss of her daugher, when crops refuse to grow. When Persephone returns to the surface of the world, it is spring, and the plants once more resume their growth, culminating in the autumn, when Demeter prepares to lose her daughter to Hades once more.